Infectious mononucleosis, commonly called mono, is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
The mono test detects proteins in the blood that are produced by the immune system in response to an EBV infection.
Epstein-Barr virus is very common and very contagious. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), most people in the United States are infected by EBV at some point in their lives. The virus is present in the saliva of an infected person and is easily spread from person to person through close contact such as kissing and through sharing utensils or cups.
Most common among adolescents, symptoms of mononucleosis include fever, sore throat, swollen glands, and fatigue, and usually present.
Symptoms of the infection usually arise about one month after the initial infection and may last for several weeks. The associated fatigue may last for several months. Mono is usually a self-limiting condition; the symptoms resolve without any specific treatment.
CPT Code: 86308, 86663
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